Glossary of Kosher terms:
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Hebrew letters Alef and Beis. ABC basics of something. Alef Beis of Hashgocho means basics
Basar / Bossor
Refers to meat and any meaty products.
Fleishig for the Yiddish usual equivalent.
Hebrew - "inspection" or "search". The search the shochet does of the
internal organs to insure the animals fitness for consumption.
Refers to milk and any dairy product that is produced under constant
rabbinical supervision from milking through packaging stages.
Milk which meets the official national set of requirements, whose
controls are considered sufficient to prevent any mixing of cow's milk with
milk from a non-Kosher animal, and therefore considered Kosher. Cholov Stam
milk production is not supervised by a rabbi.
Yiddish word for "of meat" or meaty. Used to identify meat products, utensils and
equipment.One of the three major food groups: Meat,dairy and neutral.
Refers to the status of meat which is determined to be in accordance with the
highest standards of Kashrut. Kosher animals which have been properly
slaughtered, whose lungs are free of questionable lesions, and whose Kashrut
status has never been doubted can be referred to as glatt. Glatt Kosher applies
to Meat from animals, not to poultry or any other food product.
Kosher supervision. Also, the copyrighted symbol that appears on a products,
attesting to its Kosher status. Each mark indicates the endorsing rabbinical
authority. Currently there are nearly four hundred rabbinical supervision
authorities that provide “hechsher” services.
Kashrut / Kashrus
General reference to the subject of Kosher food and Kosher supervision.
Kosher For Passover
In addition to meeting the year round requirements for Kosher, foods must
also meet the Passover dietary laws, which prohibit the use of any fermented
grain products (Chametz), during the entire Passover holiday. Many of the
products that are Kosher all year, require additional supervision for Passover.
Hebrew means "proper" or "fit" for use, particularly applying to food.
Food prepared according to a set of often complicated Rabbinical and Biblical dietary
laws. e.g. meat and dairy may not be eaten together etc.
To make something (food, utensil, equipment) Kosher by using proper
procedures prescribed by Jewish Law.
The person that supervises, inspects, and monitors the production of Kosher
matzoh: Unleavened bread eaten at Passoverwhen leavened bread is not permitted.
The grain is often used to make balls served in soup.
Yiddish word for "of milk"; used to identify any dairy product, utensil and
equipment.One of the three major Kosher food groups: Meat,dairy and neutral.
Refers to “neutral” - a status of Kosher food which is not considered either
meat, poultry, or dairy, and is prepared on or with “neutral” equipment.
One of the three major Kosher food groups: Meat,dairy and neutral.
Hebrew - "slaughtering". Kosher slaughtering of animals.
Shochet / Schoihet
Hebrew - "slaughtering".Hebrew - "slaughterer". A person highly skilled in the
anatomy of animal and Laws of Shehito. He is trained in the rituals of slaughter,
and is allowed to perform shechito.
The last major codification of Jewish law agreed on by most of the autorities.
Written in the mid 16th century by R. Joseph Karo and amended by R.Moses Isserles
Hebrew means "fat".The term for fat which is permissible to eat
Hebrew means "neutral". Describing food that contains neither milk nor meat.
"Parve" or innocuous food
Compilation of the Oral Law (Mishne) and the original rabbinic ruling on it
Hebrew means "pure" or "ritually clean".
Hebrew - "impure" or "ritually unclean".
T'refah / Treife /Treiyf
Hebrew from taraf "to tear".Unfit food.The opposite of Kosher. Food which
would otherwise be Kosher can become treyf if certain certain rules of preparation
are not followed.